Permanent Residence

Securing Permanent Residence in Canada: A Comprehensive Guide

Canada, with its vast landscapes and diverse culture, continues to be a sought-after destination for countless individuals. A significant milestone for many immigrants is obtaining Permanent Resident (PR) status, which is a gateway to embracing the myriad of opportunities the country offers. A Canadian permanent resident enjoys privileges similar to Canadian citizens, but with the added responsibility of maintaining their status through specific criteria, such as the residency obligation.

In this article, we’ll explore key avenues to obtain PR status and demystify some common queries related to it.

Spousal Sponsorship

Reuniting families is at the heart of Canada's immigration policies. Canadian citizens or permanent residents can sponsor their spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner for PR. The sponsorship program is meticulously designed to ensure genuineness and fairness, paving the way for couples to live together in Canada.

Parent/Grandparent Applications

For those wishing to bring their parents or grandparents to Canada, the Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship program is a blessing. Through this route, Canadian citizens and PR holders can sponsor their parents or grandparents, ensuring family ties remain strong across borders. The current program however is based on the lottery-system, so potential participants must be aware of when the lottery opens, and hope they get selected.

Humanitarian & Compassionate Applications

Canada recognizes the unique situations of individuals who might not conventionally qualify for PR. Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) applications come into play here. This provision caters to exceptional cases where individuals can prove (1) establishment in Canada; (2) undue hardship if they return to their home country; and (3) whether it is in the best interests of any children to remain.

Procedural Fairness Letter Responses

During the immigration process, you might receive a procedural fairness letter highlighting concerns about your application. Responding appropriately, promptly, and professionally is paramount. Such letters are a chance to clarify, provide further evidence, or address concerns raised by immigration officials, ensuring your application gets a fair assessment.

FAQs on Permanent Residence

Is permanent residence the same as citizenship?

No, permanent residence is a step before citizenship. While PRs enjoy many benefits like citizens (such as health care and protection under Canadian law), they cannot vote, run for political office, or hold jobs that require high-level security clearance. Further there is a residency obligation for permanent residents, who have to be in Canada for at least 730 days in every five-year period.

Yes, permanent residence can be revoked if the individual commits a serious crime, fails to meet the residency obligation, or it is discovered that they obtained their status through fraudulent means.

While the PR card is typically valid for 5 years and can be renewed, the permanent resident status itself does not expire unless revoked.

Yes, a permanent resident can leave Canada. However, they must meet the residency obligation of living in Canada for at least 730 days in the last five years to maintain their status.

There are multiple pathways to become a Canadian PR, including family sponsorship, economic immigration programs, refugee claims, and other humanitarian grounds. The right approach will depend on individual circumstances.

Embarking on the journey to Permanent Residency in Canada is a significant step, and having a guiding hand can make all the difference. At Hummel Law, we understand the complexities and nuances of the PR process. Our team of seasoned professionals is dedicated to simplifying your path, providing tailored solutions, and ensuring that every facet of your application is handled with meticulous care. With a blend of expertise and empathy, Hummel Law becomes more than just a legal service provider; we’re your partner in realizing your Canadian dream. Let us assist you in making your Permanent Resident aspirations a seamless reality.


We strive to ensure that our client’s immigration needs are promptly met. With a special focus on litigation, and solving complex immigration problems with creativity and efficiency, we endeavour to ensure that our clients can make the most of the immigration programs and resources available. We will not stop until your immigration goals are achieved.